The Beatitudes, Matthew 5:3-11

Are you familiar with “The Beatitudes” in the Bible? The Beatitudes are a series of brief blessing statements Jesus gave at the beginning of His Sermon on the Mount. The Beatitudes show us what it is like to live a Kingdom life. Jesus elevated things that would typically be considered lowly and gave them new purpose and meaning to elevate them. For instance, mourning or experiencing persecution might not seem desirable, but Jesus elevated them to being admirable.

The meaning of “blessing” is sometimes translated as “happy,” as in the video below. I don’t think this is correct because a person who mourns is not happy. Rather, I think the term “blessing” is closer to “fortunate.”

The Beatitudes can be found in Matthew 5:3-11:

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God.
Blessed are those who have been persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
Blessed are you when people reproach you, persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely, for my sake.





The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant

Jesus told a parable or story of an unmerciful servant. This servant refused to forgive, even after being forgiven much. It’s a good reminder to all of us. After all Jesus has forgiven us, we can surely forgive the offenses of others.


Read this parable and then watch the fun video below.


Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Until seven times?”22 Jesus said to him, “I don’t tell you until seven times, but, until seventy times seven. 23 Therefore the Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king, who wanted to reconcile accounts with his servants. 24 When he had begun to reconcile, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents. 25 But because he couldn’t pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, with his wife, his children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. 26 The servant therefore fell down and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, have patience with me, and I will repay you all!’ 27 The lord of that servant, being moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.

28 “But that servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, who owed him one hundred denarii, and he grabbed him, and took him by the throat, saying, ‘Pay me what you owe!’

29 “So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will repay you!’ 30 He would not, but went and cast him into prison, until he should pay back that which was due. 31 So when his fellow servants saw what was done, they were exceedingly sorry, and came and told to their lord all that was done. 32 Then his lord called him in, and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt, because you begged me. 33 Shouldn’t you also have had mercy on your fellow servant, even as I had mercy on you?’ 34 His lord was angry, and delivered him to the tormentors, until he should pay all that was due to him. 35 So my heavenly Father will also do to you, if you don’t each forgive your brother from your hearts for his misdeeds.”

Matthew 18:21-35







The Calling of Matthew

Many in Israel looked upon tax collectors with disdain because of their dishonesty and greed. By the shores of the sea of Galilee, a man named Matthew sat at his tax booth, perhaps observing the ministry of Jesus and hearing His teaching. However, in one unexpected, breathtaking moment, Jesus beckoned this despised tax collector into formal discipleship. This episode examines the calling of Matthew.



Kingdom of Heaven Parables (Matthew 13)

“Kingdom Parables” are stories Jesus told to describe the Kingdom of Heaven. In Matthew 13, Jesus made several comparisons between things we understand and the Kingdom of Heaven. Take a look at this short video. In particular, note the summary statements at the end to see if those help you understand the ways the parables describe the qualities of the Kingdom.



Drive Thru History® – “The Gospels”: Visit the Mount of the Beatitudes

Take a virtual road trip to the Mount of Blessings or the Mount of the Beatitudes next to the Sea of Galilee. This is the most likely place where Jesus delivered His Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7), including the famous Beatitudes for which this location is named.

As you watch the video, imagine Jesus delivering His sermon there and imagine what it might have been like to listen to Him while overlooking the Sea of Galilee.

I’d also like you to listen closely near the end of the video where the narrator begins to unwrap the radical nature of these teachings. The message of Christ was a huge upheaval un traditional expectations about the Kingdom of God. Jesus turned everything upside down, exalting the lowly instead of the upright and so on.






As you read through Matthew 5-7, the Sermon on the Mount, make a list of as many points as you can where Jesus turned typical teaching upside down. Can you come up with 30? 50? 100? There’s no right or wrong answers here. Just see if you can identify provocative points in the message that would be unexpected to listeners.


The series advertised in the video:

Drive Through History – “The Gospels”


The Gospel of Matthew (Chapters 14-28) Explained with Illustrations by The Bible Project

In the first half of the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus announced the arrival of God’s Kingdom and He began to bring the Kingdom into people’s lives as He interacted with individuals.

The second half of the Gospel of Matthew shows the opposing expectations about what the Messiah would be and the conflict escalates into a clash of kingdoms leading to the death of Jesus. His followers had their hopes dashed, because they believed the Messiah had been killed or He wasn’t the Messiah after all.

Like all good stories, this one has a surprise ending. Jesus was raised from the dead, appeared to numerous people, and gave one last message of hope to His followers: I will always be with you.

Follow along with this marvelous video from The Bible Project as it explains the second half of Matthew in greater detail.

To download a free copy of the illustrated diagram used in the video, visit The Bible Project:


Video Transcript

The Gospel according to Matthew. In the first video we saw how Matthew introduced
Jesus as the Messiah from the line of David, and as a new authoritative teacher
like Moses, and also as Emmanuel which in Hebrew means “God with us.” After Jesus
announced and taught about the arrival of God’s kingdom and after he brought the
kingdom into day-to-day life among the people of Israel, we saw that Jesus was
accepted by many but rejected by others, especially Israel’s religious leaders,
the Pharisees. And so the big question is, “How is this conflict between Jesus and
Israel’s leaders going to play itself out?” The next large section, chapters 14
through 20, explore all the different expectations people have about the
Messiah. Jesus keeps healing sick people and twice he even miraculously provides
food for these huge crowds in the desert, one made up of Jewish people and the
other is a non-jewish crowd. And this sign is very similar to what Moses did
for Israel in the wilderness. And so are these people are excited about Jesus,
they think he’s the great prophet and the Messiah, but not the religious leaders.
Their view of the Messiah is built on passages like Psalm 2 or Daniel chapter 2,
about a victorious Messiah who is going to deliver Israel and defeat the pagan
oppressors. And from their point of view, Jesus is a false teacher. He’s making
blasphemous claims about himself and so there are stories here about them
increasing their opposition, hatching a plan to kill him. And so in response,
Jesus, he withdraws. And he begins teaching his closest disciples what it means for
him to be Israel’s Messiah because it is not what anybody expects. So Jesus asked
his disciples– chapter 16– he says, “Who do you all say that I am?” And Peter comes up
with the right answer, it seems. He says, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”
But then it becomes clear that Peter’s thinking about a king who’s going to
reign victoriously through military power. And Jesus challenges Peter, saying that
“Yes, I am going to become king, but through a different way.” And so Jesus
starts to teach on themes from the prophet Isaiah who said that the
Messianic King would suffer and die for the sins of his own people. And so Jesus,
he was positioning himself as a Messianic king who reigns by becoming a
servant and who would lay down his life for Israel and the nations. Peter and
the disciples, they mostly just don’t get it. And so Jesus enters into the fourth
block of teaching followed by a series of teachings after that. And these are
all about the upside down nature of Jesus’ Messianic Kingdom–which turns
upside down all of our value systems. So in the community of the servant king you
gain honor by serving others and instead of getting revenge, you forgive and do
good to your enemies. And in Jesus’ kingdom you gain true wealth by giving
your wealth away to the poor. To follow the servant Messiah, you must become a
servant yourself. In the next section we watched the two kingdoms clash–Jesus’
kingdom and that of Israel’s leader. Jesus comes to Jerusalem for Passover
riding in on a donkey and the crowds are hailing him as the Messiah. Jesus
immediately marches into the courtyard of the temple and he creates this huge
disruption that brings the daily sacrifices to a halt. His actions speak
louder than words here. As Israel’s King, Jesus was asserting his royal authority
over the temple, the place where God and Israel met together. And in Jesus’ view, the
temple was compromised by the hypocrisy of Israel’s leaders and so here he’s
challenging their authority and naturally they’re deeply offended. And so
they try to trap Jesus and shame him in public debate and they fail. So they end
up just determining to have him killed. In response, Jesus delivers his final
block of teaching. He first offers this passionate critique of the Pharisees
and their hypocrisy. And then he weeps over Jerusalem and its rejection of God
and His Kingdom. Then Jesus withdraws with the disciples and he starts telling
them what’s going to happen. He’s going to be executed by these leaders, but in
doing so they’re going to create their own demise because instead of accepting
Jesus’ way of the Peaceful Kingdom they’re going to take the road of revolt
Rome and so Jerusalem and its temple are going to be destroyed. But Jesus says
that is not the end of the story.
He’s going to be vindicated after his death by his resurrection and one day
he’ll return and set up his kingdom over all nations. And so in the meanwhile, the
disciples need to stay alert and stay committed to just announcing Jesus and
His Kingdom and spreading the good news. And so with all of that ringing in the
disciples ears, the story comes to its climax. That night Jesus takes the
disciples aside and he celebrates the Passover meal with them.
Passover retells the story of Israel’s rescue from slavery through the death of
the Passover lamb. And then Jesus takes the bread and the wine from this meal as
new symbols showing that his coming death would be a sacrifice that would
redeem his people from slavery to sin and evil. After the meal, Jesus is arrested,
he’s put on trial before the Sanhedrin, the Council of Jewish leaders. And they
reject his claim to be the Messiah. They charge him with blasphemy against
God. Then Jesus is brought before the Roman governor, Pilate, and he thinks
Jesus is innocent, but he gives in to the pressure from the Jewish leaders and he
sentences Jesus to death by crucifixion. So Jesus is led away by Roman soldiers and
then crucified. Now you’ll notice right here in this section that, just like
Matthew did in the opening chapters, he increases the number of references to
the Old Testament. He’s trying to show that Jesus’ death was not a tragedy or
failure. Rather, it was the surprising fulfillment of all of the old, prophetic
promises. Jesus came as the Servant Messiah spoken of by Isaiah. He was
rejected by his own people but instead of judging them, he is judged on their
bearing the consequences of their sin. So the crucifixion scene, it comes to a
close, and Jesus’ body is placed in a tomb. But the book ends with a surprising
twist–the last chapter. The disciples, they discover on Sunday morning that
Jesus’ tomb is empty. And then all of a sudden people start seeing Jesus alive
from the dead. And the book concludes
with the risen Jesus giving a final teaching called the Great Commission.
Jesus says that he is now the true king of the world and so he sends his
disciples out to all nations with the good news that Jesus is Lord and that
anyone can join his kingdom by being baptized and by following his teachings.
And echoing all the way back to his name, Emmanuel, God with us, from chapter one,
Jesus’ last words in the book to his disciples are “I will be with you.” It’s a
promise of Jesus’ presence until the day he finally returns. And that’s the Gospel
according to Matthew.


The Gospel of Matthew (Chapters 1-13) Explained with Illustrations by The Bible Project

Have you ever looked at a typical outline of a book of the Bible? Did it mean much to you? Outlines may contain valuable information, but it’s not in a form accessible to most people. It’s not the way we think. Charts tend to be much clearer because the visual structure and the relationship between ideas is easily understood and remembered.

A step up from either of those is an illustrated chart with drawings that visually describe the contents of the book. That’s what you’ll find in this video by The Bible Project. It does a remarkable job of visually explaining the structure of the Gospel of Matthew. Take a look and learn.


To download a free copy of the illustrated diagram used in the video, visit The Bible Project:


Video Transcript

The Gospel according to Matthew. It’s one of the earliest official accounts about
Jesus of Nazareth–his life, his death and his resurrection. The book itself is
anonymous but the earliest reliable tradition links it to Matthew the tax
collector who was one of the twelve apostles that Jesus appointed and he
actually appears within the book itself. For about thirty to forty years the
apostles orally taught and passed on their eyewitness account about Jesus,
along with his teachings that they had all memorized. And Matthew has then
collected and arranged all these into this amazing tapestry and designed the
book to highlight certain themes about Jesus. In this video we’re just going to cover the first
half of the book. Specifically, Matthew wants to show how Jesus is the
continuation and fulfillment of the whole biblical story about God and
Israel–that Jesus is the Messiah from the line of David, that he is a new
authoritative teacher like Moses, and not only that, Jesus is God with us or, in
Hebrew, Emmanuel. And Matthew has designed this book with an introduction and
conclusion and these act like a frame around five clear sections right here in
the center, each of which concludes with a long block of Jesus’s teaching. Now
this design is very intentional and it’s amazing. Just watch how this works.
Chapters 1 through 3, they set the stage by attaching Jesus’ story right onto the
storyline of the Old Testament Scriptures. So Matthew opens with the
genealogy about Jesus that highlights how he is from the messianic line of the son of
David and he is a son of Abraham. That means he’s going to bring God’s blessing
to all of the nations. After that we get the famous story about Jesus’ birth and
how all of the events fulfilled the Old Testament prophetic promises that the
nations would come and honor the Messiah, that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem,
but even more than that, Jesus’ conception by the Holy Spirit, his name Emmanuel, all
these work together to show that Jesus is no mere human. He is God with us; God
become human.
So you can see two of Matthew’s key themes right here in the introduction. He’s
from the line of David, he’s Emmanuel. But Matthew also wants to show how Jesus is
a new Moses. So, like Moses, Jesus came up out of Egypt, he passed through the
waters of baptism, and he entered into the wilderness for forty days. And then
Jesus goes up onto a mountain to deliver his new teaching. So through all of this
Matthew is claiming that Jesus is the promised “greater than Moses” figure who’s
going to deliver Israel from slavery, he’s going to give them new, divine
teaching, he’s going to save them from their sins, and bring about a new
covenant relationship between God and His people.
This Moses and Jesus parallel also explains why Matthew has structured the
center of the book the way that he did. These five main parts highlight Jesus as
a teacher. And he’s created a parallel. Jesus as a teacher parallels the five
books of Moses. Jesus is the new authoritative covenant teacher who’s
going to fulfill the storyline of the Torah. Now in the first section, chapters 4 to 7, Jesus
steps onto the scene announcing the arrival of God’s kingdom. And this is
really key. The kingdom is in essence about God’s rescue operation for his
whole world and it’s taking place through King Jesus. Jesus has come to
confront evil, especially spiritual evil and its whole legacy of demon oppression
and disease and death. Jesus has come to restore God’s rule and reign over the
whole world by creating a new family of people who will follow him,
obey His teachings, and live under his rule. So after Jesus begins healing
people and forming a movement, a community, he takes his followers out to a mountain
or a hillside, and he delivers his first big block of teaching, traditionally called
the Sermon on the Mount. And here Jesus explores what it looks like to follow
him and live in God’s kingdom. And its an upside-down Kingdom where there are no
privileged members. So the poor, the nobody’s, the wealthy, the religious–
everybody is invited and is called to turn, to repent, and to follow Jesus and
join his family. Jesus says that he’s not here to set aside the commands of the
Torah or the Old Testament. Rather, he’s here to fulfill all of that through
his life, through his teachings. He’s here to transform the hearts of his people so
that they can truly love God and love their neighbor, including their enemy.
After concluding his great teaching on the kingdom, the next section shows Jesus
bringing the kingdom into reality in the day-to-day lives of people. So Matthew’s
arranged here nine stories about Jesus bringing the power of God’s kingdom into
the lives of hurting, broken people. There are three groups of three stories
and they’re all about people who are sick or have broken bodies or they’re in
danger and Jesus heals or saves them by these acts of grace and power. And then
right in between these triads we find two parallel stories about Jesus’ call
that people should follow him.
Matthew is making a point here. One can only experience the power of Jesus’ grace
by following him and becoming his disciple. Now after Matthew has shown the
power of the kingdom through Jesus, Jesus then extends his reach by sending out the
12 disciples, who are going to go do what he’s been doing, and this leads to the
second large block of teaching, chapter 10. And here Jesus teaches his disciples
how to announce the kingdom and what to expect once they do. Many among Israel
are accepting Jesus and his offer of the kingdom but Israel’s leaders, they aren’t.
They stand to lose a lot if they repent and become disciples of Jesus and so
jesus knows they’re going to reject him and persecute his followers, which is
exactly what happens. In the next section, chapters 11 through 13, Matthew has
collected a group of stories about how people are responding to Jesus and His
message and it’s a mixed bag. So some stories are positive– people love Jesus
and they think he’s the messiah. Others are more neutral, like John the Baptist
or even the members of Jesus’ own family. And they make it clear that Jesus
is not what they expected. And then you have Israel’s leaders. They’re entirely
negative. You have the Pharisees and the Bible scholars. They all reject Jesus
together. They think he’s a false teacher, he’s leading the people astray, they think
he’s blasphemous in these exalted claims he’s making about himself.
But Jesus isn’t surprised or thrown by all these diverse responses. In fact, he
focuses on it in the third block of teaching, chapter 13. Here Matthew has
collected together a bunch of Jesus’ parables about the kingdom, like about a
farmer throwing seed on four types of soil or about a mustard seed or a pearl or
buried treasure. These parables are like a commentary on the stories that you’ve
just read in chapters 11 and 12. Some people are accepting Jesus with
enthusiasm, others are rejecting him. But God’s kingdom is of ultimate value and it
will not stop spreading despite all of these obstacles. So that’s the first half
of the Gospel according to Matthew. Now, here’s a few more things to look for as
you read through these chapters. Matthew’s presenting Jesus, remember, as the
continuation and fulfillment of the Old Testament story line. So look for how he
weaves in quotations from the Old Testament Scriptures and what you’ll
find is that they’re placed at strategic points in the story, explaining more
about Jesus and his identity. So stop, take time to go look up these references
and read them in their Old Testament context and most often you’ll discover
really cool, interesting connections. Lastly, pay attention to the types of
people who accept Jesus and follow him. And you’ll see that it’s most often
people who are unimportant, they’re nobody’s, or their irreligious. And these
are the people who are transformed by their trust or faith in Jesus and follow
him. And it’s the religious and the prideful who are offended by him. So how
is this tension between Jesus and Israel’s leaders going to play itself
That’s what the second half of Matthew is all about.


Not Rules to Keep, the Divine Life to Live

Matthew 5-7 contains the first public sermon of Jesus. It is commonly called “The Sermon on the Mount,” but it really amounts to a constitution for the Kingdom of Heaven. These aren’t merely rules to keep, because in our natural life we cannot keep these rules. Rather, the concepts portrayed in Matthew 5-7 give us a glimpse of what it is like to live a supernatural life.




Matthew: Written to a Jewish Audience to Prove Jesus Was the Predicted Messiah

Matthew’s purpose in writing a biography of Christ was to prove to Jewish readers that Jesus was the Messiah promised by the Old Testament prophets. As Matthew narrates the life of Christ, he often pauses to tell the reader, “This happened to fulfill a particular prophecy.”

Look at these ten Old Testament quotes intended to persuade readers Christ met the requirements for the Messiah. For each one, identify the prophecy fulfilled in Jesus. If you can, also note why you think Matthew felt each one was important to include in order to persuade Jewish readers that Jesus was the Messiah.

Be sure to download the free PDF chart at the bottom of this post.


That It Might Be Fulfilled: Ten Citations in Matthew’s Gospel



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 1


Now the birth of Jesus Christ was like this; for after his mother, Mary, was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found pregnant by the Holy Spirit. Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man, and not willing to make her a public example, intended to put her away secretly. But when he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take to yourself Mary, your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. She shall give birth to a son. You shall call his name Jesus, for it is he who shall save his people from their sins.”

Now all this has happened, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,

“Behold, the virgin shall be with child,

and shall give birth to a son.

They shall call his name Immanuel”;

which is, being interpreted, “God with us.”


Matthew 1:18-23


Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin will conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Isaiah 7:14


It will sweep onward into Judah. It will overflow and pass through; it will reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of its wings will fill the width of your land, Immanuel. . . . Take counsel together, and it will be brought to nothing; speak the word, and it will not stand: for God is with us.”

Isaiah 8:8, 10



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 2


Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was exceedingly angry, and sent out, and killed all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all the surrounding countryside, from two years old and under, according to the exact time which he had learned from the wise men. Then that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying, “A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children; she wouldn’t be comforted, because they are no more.”

Matthew 2:16-18


Yahweh says: A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children; she refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.

Jeremiah 31:15



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 3


In those days, John the Baptizer came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying, “Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand!”

For this is he who was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness, make ready the way of the Lord. Make his paths straight.”

Matthew 3:1-3


The voice of one who calls out,

“Prepare the way of Yahweh in the wilderness!

Make a level highway in the desert for our God.

Isaiah 40:3



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 4


Now when Jesus heard that John was delivered up, he withdrew into Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,  that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying, “The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, toward the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, the people who sat in darkness saw a great light, to those who sat in the region and shadow of death, to them light has dawned.”

Matthew 4:12-16


But there shall be no more gloom for her who was in anguish. In the former time, he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali; but in the latter time he has made it glorious, by the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light. Those who lived in the land of the shadow of death, on them the light has shined.

Isaiah 9:1-2



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 5


When evening came, they brought to him many possessed with demons. He cast out the spirits with a word, and healed all who were sick; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: “He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases.”

Matthew 8:16-17


Surely he has borne our sickness,

and carried our suffering;

yet we considered him plagued,

struck by God, and afflicted.

Isaiah 53:4



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 6


Jesus, perceiving that, withdrew from there. Great multitudes followed him; and he healed them all, and commanded them that they should not make him known: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying, “Behold, my servant whom I have chosen; my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my Spirit on him. He will proclaim justice to the nations. He will not strive, nor shout; neither will anyone hear his voice in the streets. He won’t break a bruised reed. He won’t quench a smoking flax, until he leads justice to victory. In his name, the nations will hope.”

Matthew 12:15-21


“Behold, my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen, in whom my soul delights—I have put my Spirit on him. He will bring justice to the nations. He will not shout, nor raise his voice, nor cause it to be heard in the street. He won’t break a bruised reed. He won’t quench a dimly burning wick. He will faithfully bring justice. He will not fail nor be discouraged, until he has set justice in the earth, and the islands will wait for his law.”

Isaiah 42:1-4



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 7


The disciples came, and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?”

He answered them, “To you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them. For whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever doesn’t have, from him will be taken away even that which he has. Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they don’t see, and hearing, they don’t hear, neither do they understand. In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says, ‘By hearing you will hear, and will in no way understand; Seeing you will see, and will in no way perceive: for this people’s heart has grown callous, their ears are dull of hearing, they have closed their eyes; or else perhaps they might perceive with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their heart, and would turn again; and I would heal them.’

Matthew 13:10-15


He said, “Go, and tell this people,

‘You hear indeed,

but don’t understand;

and you see indeed,

but don’t perceive.’

Make the heart of this people fat.

Make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes;

lest they see with their eyes,

and hear with their ears,

and understand with their heart,

and turn again, and be healed.”

Isaiah 6:9-10



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 8


Jesus spoke all these things in parables to the multitudes; and without a parable, he didn’t speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.”

Matthew 13:34-35


I will open my mouth in a parable.

I will utter dark sayings of old,

Psalm 78:2



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 9


When they came near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethsphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village that is opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me. If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and immediately he will send them.”

All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, “Tell the daughter of Zion, behold, your King comes to you, humble, and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.”

Matthew 21:1-5


Behold, Yahweh has proclaimed to the end of the earth, “Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your salvation comes. Behold, his reward is with him, and his recompense before him.’”

Isaiah 62:11


Rejoice greatly, daughter of Zion! Shout, daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King comes to you! He is righteous, and having salvation; lowly, and riding on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

Zechariah 9:9



That It Might Be Fulfilled, Citation 10


He threw down the pieces of silver in the sanctuary, and departed. He went away and hanged himself. The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, “It’s not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood.” They took counsel, and bought the potter’s field with them, to bury strangers in. Therefore that field was called “The Field of Blood” to this day.

Then that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,

“They took the thirty pieces of silver,

the price of him upon whom a price had been set,

whom some of the children of Israel priced,

and they gave them for the potter’s field,

as the Lord commanded me.”

Matthew 27:5-10


I said to them, “If you think it best, give me my wages; and if not, keep them.” So they weighed for my wages thirty pieces of silver. Yahweh said to me, “Throw it to the potter, the handsome price that I was valued at by them!” I took the thirty pieces of silver, and threw them to the potter, in Yahweh’s house.

Zechariah 11:12-13


Jeremiah said, Yahweh’s word came to me, saying, Behold, Hanamel the son of Shallum your uncle shall come to you, saying, Buy my field that is in Anathoth; for the right of redemption is yours to buy it. So Hanamel my uncle’s son came to me in the court of the guard according to Yahweh’s word, and said to me, Please buy my field that is in Anathoth, which is in the land of Benjamin; for the right of inheritance is yours, and the redemption is yours; buy it for yourself. Then I knew that this was Yahweh’s word. I bought the field that was in Anathoth of Hanamel my uncle’s son, and weighed him the money, even seventeen shekels of silver.

Jeremiah 32:6-9



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The Gospel of Matthew Old Testament Use


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Introduction to Matthew’s Gospel

Who wrote Matthew and when was it written? What are some of the key themes of Matthew’s Gospel? In this episode of Opening Up the Gospels, Josh Hawkins gives a very brief overview of some of the important points we should understand as we seek to construct a chronological narrative of Jesus’ life from the Gospels. The most important point to know about Matthew’s Gospel is that it is arranged thematically and topically, not chronologically.